Mandarin Orchard Singapore, by Meritus, Singapore, Singapore
21 March - 23 March, 2018

Types of LNG carriers and Tanks

  • LNG vessel main types
    • Moss Rosenberg
    • Membrane
    • Steamships
  • Storage and Gas detections
    • DFDE
  • Technical comparisons and Containment systems
  • Regasification terminal locations
    • Land based
    • Regas vessels

Applicable safety codes and Charterers’ requirements

  • International Gas Code vessel descriptions
    • LNG Tank Type
    • LNG Vessel types
  • International Safety Management, basic requirements and training
    • Requirements for Safety Management Systems
    • On board procedures and training
  • International Ship and Port Security Code
    • Additional requirements on crews
    • Work loads
    • Regional security issues
  • Tanker Management Self-Assessment
    • What is it, who is it for?
    • Overview of elements and stages
    • How the TMSA is used
  • SIRE inspection system
    • What is it and why have it for LNG?
    • Overview of a ship visit

The stages of LNG Cargo Cycle

  • Regasification terminal locations -- Land based
    • Regas vesselsSystem

Overview: typical schemes and operating principles
LNG Transfer system design and parameters Contributors to Boil off Gas

Preparation of Cargo Cycle - LNG Terminal Compatibility Studies

  • Roles and responsibility of terminal in LNG cargo transfer
  • Terminal loading and discharging
  • Ship-to-Shore operations interfaces
  • Compatibility forms


Contracted LNG Cargo Operations and development of LNG

  • LNG Cargo Transfer checklists and forms required
  • LNG Cargo Transfer equipment required
  • LNG Cargo hazards, safety and risks that exist.
  • LNG Cargo controls
  • LNG Cargo training required for personnel (LNG Preparations forms)

LNG Transfer System Architectures and available technologies

  • Ship to Ship to shore
  • Ship to Platform
  • Ship to Ship
  • Ship connected transfer systems and tandem configurations
  • System Uptime considerations of effective operations
  • Meteocean conditions, prediction tools

Case Study – Typical Terminal LNG Operations


LNG Operations -Tanker Loading and Discharging Operations and Preparations

  • Arrival preparations and checklists
    • LNG Loading Arms – Technology, vendors and designs
    • Cryogenic Hoses, testing and type 8 inch and 6 Inch
    • Dynamic Positioning
    • Manoeuvring with and without tug assistance or DP
  • Jetty Approaches – Finger or Face Terminal Design Interface
    • Pre-loading procedures alongside
    • Ramp up, loading and ramp down, actions and precautions
      • Ramp up, increasing loading rate
      • Tank loading procedures
      • Ramp down and the topping off tanks process
      • Vapour pressure control
    • Post loading operations
      • Commencement of gas burning and line disconnection
    • Pre-arrival preparations, terminal requirements and ship line cool down
    • Discharging and ramp down, heel options
      • Overview of standard discharge operations
      • Ramp down for heel distribution option discharging operations

Safety and Risk Management

  • Recent industry incidents highlighted
  • Common causes of these incidents
  • ESD 1 and 2 Design Codes and Operations
  • Alarm settings ESD Actions
  • Required crew training and preparations
  • Hazards and Risks moving forward
    • Geographical hazards
    • Crew factor

Water Curtain Operations and Tests
Theory and Potential Damages

  • Ship and shore requirements
  • Preparing for the future incidents
    • Contingency planning
    • Salvage of an LNG vessel
  • Considerations for cargo recovery
  • Environmental impact
  • Technical equipment development
  • Risk profiling of your operations
  • What response is required?
    • Safety Management Systems and Options

Receiving terminal and charterer requirements

  • Receiving terminal parameters for acceptance
  • Voyage management considerations to achieve terminal parameters
  • Typical requirements from charterers
  • Use of Boil Off Gas (BOG), natural or forced
  • Fuel oil use and consumptions allowed
  • Restrictions on distances and voyage times

Case Study – LNG Spill Responses

SIMPOS – Simultaneous Operations (LNG Transfers and Operations)

  • Considerations when performing SIMPOS
    • HAZARD and Risk when performing LNG SIMOPS
    • Ship to Ship operations
    • 24 Hr LNG operations
  • Where do SIMPOS operations occur?
  • Why are SIMPOS performed?

LNG Custody Transfer Measurement and Calculations

  • System setup parameters
  • Sampling and Certification Custody
  • Transfer Guidelines of Terminals Ship and surveyor roles
  • Certificate of Loading
  • Types of Custody Transfer Measurement
    • Systems and Equipment
    • Inerting
    • Aerating
    • Drying and Cool down
  • Liquid form measurement
  • Volumetric measurement
  • Temperature measurement
  • Custody Transfer Measurement system (CTMs) testing and checks
  • LNG Custody Transfer Procedure
    • Flow measurement and custody transfer flow metering, types.
    • Coriolis Flow mechanisms, design, metering and performance
    • Thermal Flow mechanisms, design, metering and performance
    • Differential Flow mechanisms, design, metering and performance
    • Ultrasonic Flow mechanisms, design, metering and performance
    • Vortex Flow mechanisms, design, metering and performance
    • Applications of flow meters, calibration, calculations, transfer principles
    • Safety


  • Protocols and how the systems are used

LNG Terminal Operations, Development of Facility Assets

  • Current LNG mmbtu $ pricing levels.
  • Cost effective LNG Operations and development practices
  • Cost plus Considerations and Capex considerations
  • Vessel Operators cost and Chartering
  • LNG Operations and ROI – Terminal OPEX and break even cost considerations
  • Demurrage Cost reductions
  • 24 Hr - Continuous Operations
  • LNG Barges and Loading Facilities and Builds
  • Dual fuel and Phases whilst in operations