Agenda

Mandarin Orchard Singapore, by Meritus, Singapore, Singapore
11 September - 12 September, 2017


Maritime Law Introduction

  • Maritime Law vs. Law of the Sea
  • Common & Civil Law jurisdictions
  • International Law
  • Maritime conventions & the ‘Four pillars of maritime law’.
  • The Regulation of Shipping
  • The unique maritime law of Salvage, General
  • Average & Limitation of Liability

Common/English Law concepts

  • The law of contract
  • The law of negligence (tort)
  • The law of agency

International Shipping & Trade: the network of interconnecting contracts

  • Legal characteristics and commercial usage
  • Allocation of risk between owners & charterers, sellers and buyers etc.
  • Time, Voyage & Demise Charterparties
  • Bills of Lading & Multi-modal contracts
  • Ship Sale & Purchase contracts
  • Ship Management contracts
  • Marine Insurance contracts
  • ‘Express’ and ‘implied’ terms
  • Representations & Misrepresentations

Operational Factors Involved with Shipping Contracts

  • Letters of indemnity for cargo damage and Pre and Post dating
  • Letters of indemnity for delivery without presentation of the Bill of Lading
  • Authority of the ship’s agent to sign on behalf of the Master

Voyage Cost & Capital Components

  • Operating costs
  • The DRC (daily running cost)
  • Voyage costs
  • Port Costs
  • The Voyage estimate

Essential Terms of Charterparty Contracts

  • Time Charters
    • NYPE (New York Produce Exchange)
    • Period charter/daily hire
    • Description & speed of the ship
    • “Off Hire”
    • Jurisdiction & law clause
    • ISPS Clause
    • Compare with tanker time charter
    • Remedies for breach
  • Voyage Charters
    • Concept of freight revenue
    • Laytime, demurrage & dispatch
    • Statement of facts
    • Commencement of Laytime
    • Interruptions (weather, strikes & shifting ship)
    • SPS Clause
    • Remedies for breach
    • Safe port
    • Deviation
    • Jurisdiction & law clause
    • Bills of lading issued under a voyage charter party
    • Comparison with a tanker voyage charter

Contracts of Affreightment (COA)

  • Concept of ‘linked voyage charter parties’
  • The terms and obligations

Charterparty Negotiation

  • When is a C/P contract binding?
  • “Subjects”, “main terms” and “details”
  • Broker’s authority as agent
  • Broker’s commission
  • Address commission
  • Standard Charterparty forms
  • Supplementary clauses & possible conflicts
  • Explanations of “Implied terms”, “factual representations”, “without guarantee”

Contracts for the Sale of Goods

  • INCOTERMS
    • CIF
    • CFR
    • FOB

Bills of Lading

  • Three primary functions
    • Receipt
    • Contract of carriage
    • Document of title
  • Rights & obligations of the parties
  • Carrier identification
  • Carrier defenses
  • Interconnection with INCOTERMS
  • Types of Bills of Lading
    • Order Bills
    • Straight Bills
    • Waybills
    • Standard Bill of Lading documents

The Carriage of Goods by Sea

  • Cargo Liability Conventions
    • Hague Visby Rules
    • Hamburg Rules
    • National law ‘Hybrid’ Rules
    • Incorporation into Bills of Lading
  • When do the Rules apply?
  • Concept of the ‘Clause Paramount’
  • Obligations of the parties
  • Defenses entitled to the carrier
  • Time bar

Multi Modal Transport & Documentation

  • The concept of Multimodal transport
  • The Liner Bill of Lading
  • The Through Bill of Lading
  • The Booking Note
  • Time Charter (BoxTime)
  • Slot Charters (SlotHire)

Marine Insurance

  • Origins, legal framework & the Marine Insurance Act 1906
  • Hull and Machinery insurance
    • Scope of standard cover
    • Nature of ‘insured perils’
    • Exclusions from underwriter’s liability
  • P&I Insurance
    • Scope of liability cover
    • Elements of compulsory cover
    • P&I Rules of Entry/the ‘policy’
    • Exclusions from Club liability
  • Cargo Insurance
    • Scope of A, B and C policy cover
    • Requirements for CIF cargo
    • Underwriter’s recovery against P&I

Dispute Resolution

  • Methodologies including:
    • Negotiation
    • Mediation
    • Arbitration
    • Litigation
  • Importance of the jurisdiction and law clause and its content precision
  • Problem of courts that will not confirm the contractual choice of the parties