- Key international regulations concerning water discharge, sediment transportation and ballast water management (BWM)
- The ballast water industry, types of technologies and working principles
- Limitations in usage for different ballast water treatment systems and type approvals
- Critical components for different ballast water treatment systems (BWTS)
- BWTS’s OPEX, CAPEX and what to look for in a system supplier
- Key considerations in management of a BWTS installation project
- BWM international certificate and maintenance of compliance
- Operational procedures, record keeping, maintenance, crew training and contingency plans
- Best approach for inspections
- Operability, downtime, failure issues, chartering considerations and the future of BWM
Case Studies & Class Exercises include
- Selection of BWTSs per vessel and trade route
- Discussion: OPEX, CAPEX of BWTS; Is there an ROI?
- Operability issues of different BWTS
- Develop a fleet-wide ballast water management compliance strategy
- Maintenance of the BWM compliance
- Build operational, maintenance and contingency plans
Who Should Attend
This workshop will benefit all technical, commercial and legal professionals involved in vessel operations and BWM compliance, including
- Ship owners, operators, managers
- Shipyards, shipbuilders and designers
- Classification societies
- BWTS providers and BWTS engineering/consulting firms
- Coastguard agencies
- BWM and BWTS Researchers
- Vessel owners’ current position with regards to BWM – participants are welcome to submit and/or introduce their summarised plan and strategies concerning BWM compliance for introductory discussion
- Why is BWM needed?
- Transport of marine species which can become invasive
- Bigger and faster vessels – more potential for invasions
- BWM is not the problem it is the solution
BWM LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS
- IMO – International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water Sediments, 2004.US. Federal BW Legislation – Standards for Living Organisms in Ships Ballast Water Discharged in U.S. Waters, 2012
- Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – Vessel General Permit, 2013
- US Federal Regulation – The Commercial Vessel Incidental Discharge Act, 2018
- Notes on other relevant legislation/ regulation
What Do The Regulations Require?
- Ballast Water Treatment
- Ballast Water Management
- What are BWT/BWM, what is the
- Discharge standards with record keeping
- IMO Deadlines
- IOPP renewal September 2019 for D2 discharge standard
- IOPP survey 2024
- Timeframe for installations from now to 2024
- What are the resource choke points for worldwide fleet compliance?
- Will there be additional extensions?
BWTS INDUSTRY, TYPES OF TECHNOLOGIES AND WORKING PRINCIPLES
- BWTS industry and vessel retrofit trends
- What and how should an owner be planning
- General system types – Active Substances, Chemicals, Physical BWTS
- Electro Chlorination Oxidizers
- Other Oxidizers
- Other Types of BWTS
- Innovations, is there a silver bullet?
- Operational profiles
LIMITATIONS FOR DIFFERENT BWTS
- Technical limitations in use for different BWTS types
- Electro Chlorination Oxidizers
- Chemical Injection
- Other Oxidizers
- Other Types of BWTS
- Implications on vessel and its operations
- Integration of a BWTS with the operation of a vessel
- Impact to operations of different types of BWTS
CRITICAL COMPONENTS FOR DIFFERENT BWTS/BWMS
- Discussion: What are the critical components and potential weak points for different BWTS types?
- Raw water intakes
- Treatment system
- Ballast water tanks
- Sensors and controls
- How does a BWTS test for type approval?
- What does the BWTS test require?
- Who issues TA Certificates
- Which TA Certificates are required
- What are the functions of Class and Flag
EXERCISE AND GROUP DISCUSSION – OPEX AND CAPEX FOR BWTS
- OPEX considerations of different types of BWTS
- CAPEX of different BWTS
- Bulk dosing – a solution?
- How does the OPEX – CAPEX change with vessel type, trading pattern and age
- Can a BWTS provide an ROI?
CASE STUDIES & GROUP EXERCISE: BWTS TYPE SELECTION PROCEDURE
Participants are to work in 3 groups with separate case studies, guided through discussions (e.g. on OPEX, CAPEX, compliance strategies, develop standard operational procedures, create drydocking & retrofit plan, ship size & requirements, crew training necessity, etc) to select suitable BWTS types for three X, Y, Z types of vessels on A, B, C trade routes. Plans and results will then be compared, cross-checked and feedbacked across groups
WITH SYSTEM TYPE SELECTED – WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN A MANUFACTURER
- Key factors in decision making (type approval testing, cost, independent laboratory accreditations, etc)
- Development timeline and BWTS availability
- Company’s commitment and ability to support a BWT product worldwide for the life of the vessel
DEVELOPING A FLEET-WIDE BWM COMPLIANCE STRATEGY (PLANNING, PLANNING AND MORE PLANNING)
- Understand the Regulations and your vessels/operations
- Determine what you need and when for each vessel
- Rigorous but focused BWTS selection process
- Determine external resources required (i.e. engineering)
- Contract/retain engineering for each project and where possible yard/installation resources
THE BWTS INSTALLATION PROJECT
- Key considerations – Planning, Planning and more Planning, Communication and Cooperation
- System selected – decide if expense of 3D survey is warranted
- Complete pre-installation engineering.
- Plan for integration of the BWTS to the vessel and its ballast system
- Controls engineering integration
- Documentation, Certification, factory acceptance testing
- BW Tank Cleaning
- BWTS Manufacturer, Manufacturers Representative/Agent, Owner, Shipyard, Engineering Company(s), Class, Administration, Logistics Company -Plan Communicate Cooperate
- Commissioning: objectives, test, timeline
- Issue an International Certificate of Ballast Water Management
CASE STUDY – THE VESSEL HAS BEEN ISSUED AN INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATE OF BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT – HOW DOES IT MAINTAIN COMPLIANCE?
- BWM compliance is not simply a fix-and-forget it project – ongoing requirements of BWM exist. In groups of two or three, participants will assemble a plan for the on-going compliance of the vessel. What should be done or happen at each ballasting event. What should be done or happen over time, independent of ballast events, to maintain BW compliance
- Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each compliance plan produced in the case study. Key discussion will include Root cause / direct cause / contribution
- Ballast Water Record Book
- Ballast Water Management plan
- Training records, maintenance records
- Maintaining relationship with BWTS manufacturer
- Standard operating procedures – common pitfalls resulting in inoperability
- Inspections by the crew
- Do you test for compliance?
- Indicative testing
OPERATIONAL, MAINTENANCE AND CONTINGENCY PLANS FOR BWTS
- BWTS operability
- Monitoring and efficacy testing requirements
- Operational sequencing (startup & shutdown, recording, data storage and retrieval)
- Transient vs continuous operations
- Continuous vs programmatic filter backflush
- Sediment management and periodic sampling
- Common operational incidents with different types of systems
- Crew training; qualification strategy, competency assessments, technology transferability, sampling expectations
- Maintenance and repair (M&R) activities in vessel’s plan
- Contingency measures and processes
INSPECTIONS AND ENFORCEMENT
- Inspections by Port State Enforcement –
- What is your best approach/defense
- The realities of PSC completing legally defendable biological testing
- The meaning on PSC indicative testing
- When will this really matter – the Experience Building Phase
- Potential issues with BWTS downtime and failure, discharging of non-compliant ballast water
- Chartering considerations
THE FUTURE OF BWM
- Will the regulations enable a reduction in the transport of marine species which become invasive in areas where they are not native?
- What compliance or other issues will long term use of the regulations and BWTS uncover – Will 5+ day hold time regrowth be an issue?
- Will BWM become just another onboard activity?
- P&I considerations
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