Key Learning Outcomes:
- Cargo planning, stowage planning
- International standards and legislations (e.g. COF, USCG, FOSFA, OCIMF)
- Changing grades and Chartering considerations
- Loading & Discharging – Contamination avoidance, Operational readiness and Performance monitoring
- Ship/Shore interface requirements – Chemical and oil tankers
- Cargo care – compatability, segragation and temperature control
- Closed cargo operations – gauging and sampling
- Tank cleaning procedures, methods, manuals and common mistakes
- Crew training – What is needed beyond mandatory requirements for chemical tankers?
- Best Practices on Chemical tankers
- Safety awareness and PPE
- Nitrogen hazard & requirements
- inerting, purging and padding
- Key incidents on chemical tankers, root cause analyses and trends observed in investigation
- Risk Management – from Back office to vessels
- Demurrage and claims – how to get it right?
- Ship vetting & inspections
Who Should Attend
Junior and Senior Officers in charge of ship vetting, safety. Tanker operations, chartering, superintendent, HSEQ, stowage, tank cleaning, cargo operations from the following but not limited to
- Tanker owners, managers,
- Chemical terminal operators
- Tanker charterers, tanker brokers
- Specialist cargo equipment/consulting providers
THE IMPORTANCE OF CARGO PLANNING
- The importance of the Stowage Plan
- Customer requirements & charterer instructions. (in line with the SMS or not)
- The COF – International Certificate of Fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk;
- USCG Compatibility Chart
- Technical or Edible Oil – what information is available?
CHANGING GRADES AND CHARTERING CONSIDERATIONS
- The challenge of changing grades
- Can we get the tank clean for the next cargo? (Time and other considerations)
- Possibility and Practicality – it’s all about time and money.
- Examples & discuss what makes sense and what doesn’t.
LOADING AND DISCHARGING
- Operational procedures & monitoring for performing works
- Loading and discharge of grades in tanks to prevent contamination
- Free surface effect.
SHIP/SHORE INTERFACE (NOT ONLY ON CHEMICAL TANKERS)
- The SSSCL
- Ship / Shore loading / discharging requirements
- Connecting and disconnecting
- Topping Up – the speed is important
- Visitors and PPE
- Lightning & Thunderstorm
CARGO CARE – OR HOW TO ARRIVE IN SPECS
- Cargo compatibility and segregation
- Cargo Quality control:
- Temperature control
- Oxygen control
- Adjacent Heat
- Unintended Heating
- Tank Cleaning and volatile cargoes.
CLOSED CARGO OPERATIONS
- Closed gauging and sampling
- The P/V Valves – what means closed
- Cargo tank venting / gas freeing
- Vapour return
TANK CLEANING – WHY WASTING TIME AND MONEY?
- Tank Cleaning procedures
- Cleaning methods
- Tank Cleaning Manuals
- Tank Cleaning Mistakes
- Tank Testing – Wall Wash Test & UV
- Cargo Tank coating
CREW TRAINING AND SAFETY
- Crew training beyond the mandatory training (advanced chemical endorsement)
- Verification of successful training
- The need of special chemical tanker training for junior and senior officers?
- Training versus Experience
- BBS and training
BEST PRACTICES ON CHEMICAL TANKERS
- Industry Publications
- Different departments – different interest.
- The Jetty
- Loading / Discharging
- Precautions during the voyage
- Near Miss
- Lesson to be learned
SAFETY AWARENESS & PPE
- The choice of PPE
- PPE and surrounding temperature
- Toxic or High Toxic?
- What is a hazardous area?
- Decontamination – think before doing
NITROGEN HAZARDS AND REQUIREMENTS
- The danger of Nitrogen
- Nitrogen and self-reactive cargoes
- Tank Entry
- Inerting, purging and padding
- Maintenance of nitrogen blanket
- Nitrogen displacement during discharge
- Nitrogen requirements for new vessels (SOLAS)
INCIDENTS ON CHEMICAL TANKERS IN THE PAST – CASE STUDIES
- Unsafe Practise leading to incidents
- Fire & Explosion
- Tank Over pressurization
- LOPC & Spillage
- Crew injury / casualty / fatality
- Did we learn the lesson?
ROOT CAUSE ANALYSES AND TRENDS OBSERVED IN INCIDENT INVESTIGATION
- Incident investigation process
- The investigator on site
- Root cause analyses
- Root cause / direct cause / contribution
- Reputational damage due to poor incident investigation
- Highlight case study
- The principle of a risk assessment.
- Risk assessment for standard operations.
- Risk assessment for non-standard operations.
- A risk assessment library – pros and cons.
- Use of a Hazard register.
- The Management of Change – a practical view.
- Risk management for a new cargo (to the vessels / to the company).
DEMURRAGE AND CLAIMS – THE DIFFICULTY TO GET IT RIGHT
- Cargo claims and avoidance:
- Off Spec, Cargo (Cargo quality claims)
- Cargo contamination
- The value of samples.
- Demurrage claims
- The importance of an NOR and how many to be issued?
- Record keeping
SHIP VETTING & INSPECTIONS
- Oil Majors view of vetting
- When should a vessel be inspected.
- CDI & SIRE Inspections
- KPI´s – pros and cons
- Inspection readiness
- Responding to vetting observations
- Vetting and TMSA
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